According to Michael T. Murray, N.D. from his book Getting Well Naturally Diabetes & Hypoglycaemi:

“Diabetes is a chronic disorder of carbohydrates, fat, and protein metabolism, characterized by elevation of the blood sugar levels after fasting. Diabetes greatly increases the risk of loss of nerve function as well as the risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or if the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that promotes the uptake of blood sugar by the cells of the body. When there is not enough insulin or when cells lack sensitivity to it, blood sugar cannot get into the cells. This can lead to serious complications. Diabetes is divided into two major areas type I and type II”.

Type I: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

Occurs most often in children and adolescents. It is associated with complete destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, which manufacture insulin.

People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis to control their blood sugar level. 

About 10% of all diabetics are type I.

Type II: non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

Usually occurs after the age of 40. Up to 90% of all diabetics have Type II diabetes.

Typically, the insulin level of a person with Type II diabetes is elevated, indicating that body cells have lost sensitivity to insulin.

Extreme weight gain is a major contributing factor to this loss of sensitivity.

Approximately 90% of individuals with type II diabetes are obese. In managing type II diabetes, diet is of primary importance